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Puuraakau Tiki

Tiki is descended from Toko Mua, son of Te Mangu and Mahoranuiaarangi.

Before Tiki began his southwards wanderings he married Hine Titamauri -daughter of Hineatauira the daughter of Taane and Hine Ahuone- in the land of Taane –Kaane-.

From this union came Hine Rautu whose line continues on to Te Whanau Oo Te Ira Whaki, father of the five brothers named Maui and their sister Hina.

Tiki was the first man. He found himself surrounded by all the living creatures of earth, and long sought a companion among them, but without success.

Sorely he felt his lonely condition.

One day he found himself beside a pool of clear water, and was delighted to see in it a being of his own form.

He endeavoured to seize and secure the image, but the reflection eluded him.

He long sought to secure a mate such as he had seen, but without avail.

One day, during the act of micturition, a pit he had formed in the earth became filled, and, to his delight, he saw therein the being he had so long sought.

He quickly procured earth and deposited it in the pit in order to confine the creature he had seen.

That reflection developed into a female, a woman, who came forth and became the companion of Tiki.

Tiki and the woman born of reflection dwelt together for some time.

Then, one day when the woman was bathing, an eel came round her body, and, with his tail, so excited the woman that there was awakened in her the sexual desire.

She then went to seek Tiki, and succeeded in exciting him to an equal extent, hence there came to them the Knowledge.

This act was viewed as a most serious sin, hence Tiki, knowing that the eel had caused the woman to lead him astray, resolved to take vengeance.

He therefore slew the eel, and cut him into six pieces.

From those six pieces sprang the six varieties of eels known to man.

-Con Tici Viracocha Pachayachachi-

During the southward journeys of Tiki he became high priest and sun king of the fair race who had left the enormous ruins on the shores of Lake Titicaca in Peru. Tiki and his people were peaceful instructors who had originally come from the north in the morning of time, and he taught the Inca primitive forefathers architecture, culture and customs. It was Tiki who built the colossal monuments that were taken over by the Inca when they rose to power.

The great flood in Peru passed and the land became dry, Tiki determined to people it a second time, and, to make it more perfect. With this object he went with his servants, to a great lake in Collao territory, in which there was an island called Titicaca, the meaning being ‘the rock of lead’. This frontier lake of Chucuito, in the territory of Collao, is 57 leagues south of Cuzco. Tiki gave various orders to his servants but Taguapaca disobeyed the commands of Tiki; so Tiki was enraged against Taguapaca and ordered the other two servants to take him, tie his hands and feet and launch him in a balsa raft on the lake. This was done. Taguapaca was blaspheming against Tiki for the way he was treated and threatening that he would return and take vengeance when he was carried by the water down the drain of the same lake, and was not seen again for a long time.

This done, Tiki made a sacred idol in that place, as a place for worship and as a sign of what he had there created. Leaving the island, he passed by the lake to the main land, taking with him the two servants who survived. He went to a place now called Tiahuanacu in the province of Collasuya, and in this place he sculptured and designed on a great piece of stone, all the nations that he intended to create. This done he sent his two servants to charge their memories with the names of all the tribes that he had depicted, and of the valleys and provinces where they were to come forth, which were those of the whole land. He ordered that each one should go by a different road, naming the tribes, and ordering them all to go forth and people the country. His servants, obeying the command of Tiki, set out on their journey and work.

One went by the mountain range or chain which they call the heights over the plains on the south sea. The other went by the heights which overlook the wonderful mountain ranges which we call the Andes, situated to the east of the said sea. By these roads they went, saying in a loud voice, “Oh you tribes and nations, hear and obey the order of Tici Viracocha Pachayachachi, which commands you to go forth, and multiply and settle the land”. Tiki himself did the same along the road between those taken by his two servants, naming all the tribes and places by which he passed. At the sound of his voice every place obeyed, and people came forth, some from lakes, others from fountains, valleys, caves, trees, rocks and hills, spreading over the land and multiplying to form the nations which are today in Peru.

Others affirm that this creation of Tiki was made from the Titicaca site where, having originally formed some shapes of large strong men which seemed to him out of proportion, he made them again of his stature which was, as they say, the average height of men, and being made he gave them life. Thence they set out to people the land. As they spoke one language previous to starting, they built those edifices, the ruins of which may still be seen, before they set out. This was for the residence of Tiki, their maker. After departing they varied their languages, noting the cries of wild beasts, in so much that, coming across each other afterwards, those could not understand who had before been relations and neighbours. Whether it was in one way or the other, all agree that Tiki was the creator of these people. They have the tradition that he was a man of medium height, white and dressed in a white robe with an alb secured around the waist, and that he carried a staff and book in his hands.

Besides this they tell of a strange event, how that Tiki, after he had created all the people, went on his road and came to a place where many men of his creation had congregated. This place is now called Cacha. When Tiki arrived there, the inhabitants were estranged owing to his dress and bearing. They murmured at it and proposed to kill him from a hill that was near. They took their weapons there, and gathered together with evil intentions against Tiki. He, falling on his knees on some plain ground, with his hands clasped, fire from above came down upon those on the hill, and covered the entire place, burning up the earth and stones like straw. Those bad men were terrified at the fateful fire. They came down from the hill, and sought pardon from Tiki for their sin. Tiki was moved by compassion. He went to the flames and put them out with his staff. But the hill remained quite parched up, the stones being rendered so light by the burning that a very large stone which could not be carried on a cart, could easily be raised by one man. This may still be seen at this day, and it is a wonderful sight to behold this hill, which is a quarter of a league in extent, all burnt up. It is in the Collao territory. After this Tiki continued his journey and arrived at a place called Urcos, 6 leagues to the south of Cuzco. Remaining there some days he was well served by the natives of that neighbourhood. At the time of his departure, he made them a celebrated huaca or statue, for them to offer gifts to and worship; to which statue the Inca, in after times, offered many rich gifts of gold and other metals, and above all a golden bench. When the Spaniards entered Cuzco they found it, and appropriated it to themselves. The Marquis Don Francisco Pizarro took it himself, as the share of the general.

Tiki continued his journey, working his miracles and instructing his created beings. In this way he reached the territory on the equinoctial line, where are now Puerto Viejo and Manta. Here he was joined by his servants. Intending to leave the land of Peru, he made a speech to those he had created, apprising them of things that would happen. He told them that people would come, who would say that they were Tiki their creator, and that they were not to believe them; but that in the time to come he would send his messengers who would protect and teach them. Having said this he went to sea with his two servants, and went traveling over the water as if it were land, without sinking. For they appeared like foam over the water, and the people, therefore, gave them the name of Viracocha which is the same as to say the grease or foam of the sea. At the end of some years after Tiki departed, they say that Taguapaca, whom Tiki ordered to be thrown into the lake of Titicaca in the Collao territory, as has already been related, came back and begun, with orders, to preach that he was Tiki. Although at first the people were doubtful, they finally saw that it was false, and ridiculed them.

Tiki next settled on Easter Island and created the first statues there. Latter he settled in Hiva and his grandson King Hotu Matua eventually returned to Easter Island. King Hotu Matua came from the Island of Maaori in Hiva which lay affront the Mountain Hikurangi. He held mana whenua in two places; Marae Renga and Marae Toiho. Tiki also peopled Pitcairn Island, Tahiti and Samoa, but his people failed to hold on to any of these islands for long and some became interbred with the new cultures that were beginning to enter the pacific. It is said that the land of the long white cloud is the final resting place of Tiki and his family, and, it is they who begun to build the new temple monuments found hidden in the northern island of that land, but this work was never complete due to the constant arrival of newcomers.

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