The Discovery and Settlement of Hawai‘i

Hawai‘i Loa, was one of the four children of Aniani Ka Lani.

The other three children were Ki, who settled in Tahiti, Kana Loa, who settled in Nuku Hiva, and Laa Kapu.   

The ocean was called Kai Holo o ka I‘a .   

At the time of their discovery only two Hawai‘i islands existed and both were settled by Hawai‘i Loa.   

The first he named Hawai‘i after himself; the second Maui, after his eldest son.  

Hawai‘i Loa and his brothers were born on the east coast of a land called Ka ‘Aina Kai Melemele a Kane.

Hawai‘i Loa was a distinguished man and noted for his fishing excursions which would occupy months, sometimes the whole year, during which time he would roam about the ocean in his waka, called Moku, with his crew and his officers and navigators.

One time when they had been at sea for a long time, Makali‘i, the principal navigator said to Hawai‘i Loa, “Let’s steer the Waka in the direction of Iao, the Eastern Star, the discoverer of land."  

"There is land to the eastward, and here is a red star, hoku ‘ula, to guide us, and the land is there in the direction of those big stars which resemble a bird.”

Then the red star, situated in the lap of the goats, was called Makali‘i after the navigator.

Some other red stars in the circle of the Pleiades were called the Huhui a Makali‘i.  

So, they steered straight onward and arrived at the easternmost island of the Hawaiian chain.  

They went ashore and found the land fertile and pleasant, filled with ‘awa, coconut trees, and so on, and Hawai‘i Loa, the chief, gave that land his name.

Here they dwelt a long time and when their Waka was filled with vegetable food and fish, they returned to their native country with the intention of returning to Hawai‘i, which they preferred to their own country.

They had left their wives and children at home; therefore, they returned to get them.   

When Hawai‘i Loa and his men arrived at their own country and were among their relatives, they were detained a long time before they set out again for Hawai‘i.  

At last Hawai‘i Loa sailed again, accompanied by his wife and his children.   

He settled in Hawai‘i and gave up all thought of ever returning to his native land.   

He was accompanied on this voyage by a great crowd of men, steersmen, navigators, shipbuilders, and others.  

Hawai‘i Loa was chief of all these men.   

He alone brought his wife and children; all the others came singly, without women, so he was the progenitor of Hawai‘i.   

On their voyage to Hawai‘i, the Morning Star -Ka Hoku Loa- was the special star they steered by.   

Now Hawai‘i Loa called the islands after the names of his children and the stars after his navigators and steersmen.   

The island of O‘ahu was named after his daughter, and her foster parent was Lua, and hence the name O‘ahu a Lua.  

Kaua‘i was called after his younger son whose wife’s name was Waialeale, and they lived on Kaua‘i, and thus the mountain was called after her because there she was buried.   

And in turn, other islands and districts were called after the first settlers.  

After Hawai‘i Loa had been some time in Hawai‘i, he made another voyage to find his brothers to see if they had any children who might become husbands or wives to his own.   

They left from Lae o Kalae, in Ka‘u, and followed the stars Ke Ali‘i o Kona Ika Lewa -Canopus- and the stars of Hoku kea o ka Mole Honua -Southern Cross- to Tahiti and other islands to the south.   

On Tahiti, he found his brother Ki who had settled there and called the island after one of his own names.   

They sailed together southward, and found an uninhabited island, which Hawai‘i Loa gave his name, and another smaller island, which he named for his daughter O‘ahu.  

When they had finished their business there, they returned to Tahiti, from where Hawai’i Loa continued on to Lae o Kalae, steering by the Hoku ‘Iwa stars and the Hoku Poho ka ‘Aina.   

On this return voyage, Hawai‘i Loa brought Tunu iaia te Atua, the first-born son of his brother Ki, who became the husband O‘ahu.   

The couple had a child called Kunuiakea, who was born at Keauhou in Puna, Hawai‘i.   

Puna was a fertile and fine land and it was called Puna by Kunuiakea after his own birthplace, Puna Auia, in Tahiti.  

Kunuiakea, on both father’s and mother’s side, became a chief of the very highest rank.   

From him sprang the race of chiefs in Hawai‘i and from Makali‘i sprang the race of common people.   

The first has been kept separate from the most ancient times, and the second has been kept separate from the time of chaos.   

But the priestly race was one and the same with the race of chiefs from the beginning.

Other Travels of Hawai‘i Loa

As has been said Hawai‘i Loa was born on the eastern shore of the land of Kapakapaua a Kane.

One of the grandchildren of Hawai‘i Loa was called Keaka i Lalo whom he married to Te Ari‘i Aria, a grandchild of his brother Ki, and he placed them at Sawai‘i, where they became the ancestors of that people, Sawai‘i being then called Hawai‘i ku lalo -Hawai‘i rising downwind-.  

Afterwards Hawai‘i Loa revisited Tahiti and found that his brother Ki had forsaken the religion in which they were brought up, that of Kane, Ku and Lono, and adopted Ku waha ilo, the man-eating God, as his God.   

After quarreling with his brother on this account, Hawai‘i Loa left Tahiti and brought with him Te Ari‘i Apa as a husband for Eleeleualani.  

His mo‘opuna from these two was born Kohala, a girl, from whom the Kohala people sprang.  

Afterwards Hawai‘i Loa went again to Tahiti and Hawai‘i ku lalo and held a meeting with those peoples at Tarawao, but finding that they persisted in following after the God Ku waha ilo and that they had become addicted to man-eating, he reproved and repudiated them, and passed a law called “he Papa Enaena,” forbidding anyone from Hawai‘i Luna -upwind Hawai‘i- from ever going to the southern islands, lest they should go astray in their religion and become man-eaters.  

When Hawai‘i Loa returned from this trip he brought with him Te Ari‘i Tino Rua to be a wife to Kunuiakea, and they begat Ke Ali‘i Maewa Lani, a son, who was born at Holio in North Kona, Hawai‘i, and became the Kona progenitor.  

After this Hawai‘i Loa made a voyage to the westward, and Mulehu -Hoku Loa- was his guiding star.   

He landed on the eastern shores of the land of the Lahui Makalilio people.   

He traveled over that land to the northward and to the westward eventually arriving in the land of Kuahewahewa a Kane, -one of the continents that God created-.  

After spending some time there he returned, by the way he had come, to Hawai‘i, bringing with him some white men and married them to native women of Hawai’i.   

On this return voyage the star Iao was his guiding star.  

After this Hawai‘i Loa made another voyage to the southern and eastern shore of Kapakapaua a Kane and took with him his grandson Kunuiakea in order to teach him navigation, etc.   

When they had stayed there long enough they returned and Kunuiakea and brought with him “he mau ha‘a elua” -two stewards-, one called Lehua and the other Nihoa, and they were settled on the two islands which bear their names, as konohiki -land stewards- and put under the charge of Kaua‘i, the youngest son of Hawai‘i Loa.  

When Hawai‘i Loa returned from the conference with his brother Ki and his descendants, his wife Hualalai bore him a son who was called Hamakua.   

Ten years later, Hualalai died and was buried on the mountain of Hawai‘i that has been called after her name ever since.  

After Hawai‘i Loa was dead and gone, in the time of Kunuiakea, came Tahitinui from Tahiti and landed at Ka lae i Kahiki.    

Tahitinui was a mo‘opuna of Ki, brother of Hawai ‘i Loa, and he settled on East Maui and died there.  

The descendants of Hawai‘i Loa and also of Ki peopled nearly all the Polynesian islands.   

From Ki came the people of Tahiti, Borabora, Huahine, Taha‘a, Ra‘iaatea and Mo‘orea.  

From Kana Loa -brother of Hawai‘i Loa- were peopled Nukuhiva, Uapou, Tahuata, Hivaoa and those other islands -the Marquesas Islands-.   

Kana Loa married Taeohae a woman from the man-eating people, from whom spring those cannibals who live on Nukuhiva, Fiji, Tarapara, Paumotu, and other islands in western Polynesia.

Descendants of Hawai‘i Loa

The son of Kunuiakea, Ke Lii Alia and his grandson Kemilia, were born at Tahiti along with the Aoa, -the royal tree-; but his great grandson, Eleeleualani –Keliiku-, was born on Havai‘i.

Eleeleualani is the grandfather of Papa Nui Hanau Moku.   

His wife was called Ka Oupe Ali‘i and was a daughter of Kupukupunuu from Ololoimehani -supposed to be either a name for the island of Nukuhiva, or of a place on that island-.   

They had a son called Kukalani‘ehu, whose wife was Ka Haka ua Koko, the sixth descendant from Makali‘i, and they were the parents of Papa Nui.  

Papa Nui Hanau Moku first married Wakea, who was the son of Kahiko and Tupu Rana I te Hau, who was a Tahitian woman.   

The first child of Papa and Wakea was a daughter called Hoohokukalani.  

Papa, having quarreled with Wakea on account of his sleeping with their daughter, went to Tahiti and there she took to Te Rii Fanau for husband and had a son called Te Rii i te Haupoipoi.  

She afterwards returned to Raiatea under the name of Huhune and had a son with Waia and called him Hinanalo.   

Domestic troubles now made her crazy and she returned to Tahiti where she had another son with Te Ari‘i Aumai, who was said to be the fourth generation of the Tahiti chiefs, and she called his name Te Ari‘i Taria, and he became chief over that part of Tahiti called Taharu‘u.  

Because she was the mother of chiefs, both in Raiatea and in Tahiti, she is called Papa Nui Hanau Moku.   

She is said to have been a comely, handsome woman, very fair and almost white.  

Papa is said to have traveled eight times between Tahiti and Raiatea, and died in a place called Waieri, in Tahiti, during the time of Nanakelihi the fifth descendant from her and Wakea.  

Wakea was a wicked and bad man.   

He instituted the bad and oppressive kapu, such as that men and women could not eat together; that women could not eat red fish, hogs, fowl or other birds, and some kinds of bananas.   

These kapu were put on to spite and worry Papa, on account of her growling at and reproaching him for his wickedness.   

Wakea also departed from the ancient worship and introduced idol worship, and many people followed him, because they were afraid of him.  

Descending approximately 29 generations directly from Hawai’i Loa, Te Ira Whaki was born whom, took as his wife Taranga and they begat the demi-god Maui from whom all the Rangatira lines of Te Tairaawhiti claim lineage.  

The union of Te Ira Whaki and Taranga and their subsequent children created the binding of the royal lines from Hawai’i, Ra'iaatea and Tahiti. 

© Copyright 2007-2020 Auturoa - All Rights Reserved.