The History Of Tamaahua

Now, we shall will return to Tamaahua and his wife Tauranga who was a woman of the Ngati Maruiui and Ngati Ruatamore.

She was a chieftainess, and one of those that were given by Matakana to Whatonga when he first arrived at Maketu.

The wife of Tamaahua of his young days, who came with him from Tahiti was Hineahu, and she came from another island named Ahu, which has already been mentioned in connection with the people who engaged in the canoe race when Whatonga and Turahui were blown to sea, by the landwind from the east.

Hinetangiakau was from Rarotonga, and also came in ‘Kurahaupo,’ both these women came to Aotearoa.

When Tamaahua was at Maketu, women were given to the newcomers by Matakana as a token of good will, to make one people of the tangata whenua with the party of Whatonga, because the latter was known to be a grandson of Toi te huatahi.

So Tamaahua married Tauranga, and she was one of the principal women of those given. Matakana said to Whatonga, “Tauranga, Nikorike and Pohoi are all virgins; take them for thyself; they are wahine rangatira, from our tribes, Nagati Maruiui, Ngati Ruatamore, Ngati Taitawaro and Ngati Panenehu, all the aristocratic blood of those tribes is in these women, you must marry them.”

But Whatonga replied, “Leave it! All the people you see are whatu, from the deep sea of Tawhitinui”.

Tamaahua remained at the house of his wife Tauranga, at Ahu Kawa inland of Maketu.

Then he dwelt at Awakino, and from there he went with his three wives Hineahu, Hinetangiakau and Tauranga, and their children to Whakarewa, which was a pa of Te Ati Awa the descendants of Awa.

Here he dwelt some time. Tamaahu was a very brave man, and accomplished in the use of taiaha, short weapons, an excellent haka dancer, with a sweet voice in singing, besides being a tohunga, learned in the ritual of the tuaahu and ahurewa. 

Here the daughter of Rautoka (brother of Tuoioi) fell in love with him.  

They were the children of Kahukurarurukaha and his wife Hine te Aopatari, and she was a daughter of Manaia. 

Manaia married Warea and had: 

1, Hauparoa;

2, Te Aopatari;

3, Takewhenua;
4, Hinewai.

You will thus see that these descendants of Manaia are on the west coast.

You have already told about Hauparoa.

Takewhenua married Tangiawa, grandchild of Toi, and their descendants are amongst Ngati Kahungunu.

Hinewai married Tonga.

You now understand about this branch from Tamaahua and this wife of his, whose descendants are amongst the Taranaki people.

After dwelling at Whakarewa pa some time Tamaahua went on to the home of Hatauira and Maungaroa at Waiwhakaiho (two miles north of New Plymouth, but probably means the old settlement on the spurs of Mount Egmont, just above Waiwhakaiho river), where he lived a long time and there he married Aotea, making his fifth wife, and many of their descendants are in the other island, some at Arapawa.

This branch descends to Ngai Tahu of the South Island, and Rongotope descendants are amongst Ngati Porou at the East Cape, and amongst Ngati Ira and Ngati Kahungunu.

Tamaahua Goes In Search Of The Jadeite.

After Tamaahua had lived with Hatauira and others for some time, the people of those parts decided to make an expedition in search of the jadeite and white heron plumes. There were three canoes went for that purpose, ‘Otauira,’ ‘Potaka,’ and ‘Whatupurangi,’ Tamaahua going by the first named with his wives Hineahu and Aotea.

The two canoes ‘Potaka’ and ‘Whatupurangi’ went by the east coast of Arapawa, whilst ‘Otauira’ went by the west. These latter people had been directed by the god Kahukura where they should land, so they went direct to ‘Arahura of Kupe’ as described already.

When they got there they hauled up their canoe into the scrub so that it should not be damaged by the sun or be seen by the passing people.

Then the party of Tamaahua party proceeded up the Arahura river to search for the jadeite.

At this time Tamaahua was jealous of his wife Hineahu, saying that Tuhua was making love to her, but she denied it altogether.

But Tamaahua would not listen to her denial, and set upon Tuhua and killed him.

His party was much grieved at this, but nevertheless went on with stout hearts, and then Hineahu discovered some jadeite. Because of her lamentations (over the death of Tuhua) tangiwai jadeite was so called, and in consequence of her rank the Kahurangi the jadeite was so named.

Then when she made a circlet of kawakawa leaves from which another species of jadeite got its name.

These were all the varieties of jadeite found by Tamaahua and his wife.

When Tamaahua proceeded to light a fire by rubbing the sticks, the sparks flew out and set fire to Arahura, and hence was ‘Kahotea’  burnt, for that kind of jadeite is spotted like drops (kopatapata) on account of the fire.

After this Tamaahua and his wives returned to Waiwhakaiho near the base of Mount Egmont.

I have never heard the names of the mere, tiki, or other objects made from the jadeite procured by Tamaahua, except a maukaki which was named ‘Aramoana,’ after Hineahu, as this was one of her names.

Now, Tamaahua lived for a long time at Taranaki.

But enough, the rest of his history must be left for another time; and let us leave it here.

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