The Four Solar Temples Of Io


Wa - Definite space
E – Development
Re – Draw attention to
Ng – Central balance
A – Intent
A – Intent
A – Intent
Ka – Be lighted
Ka – Be lighted
Ra – Source of light
… … …


Wh – Recognition of unknown self
E – Development
Nu – Growth
A – Intent
Tu – Be erect
Pu – Originate
… … …


Pa – Be connected with
Pa – Be connected with
A – Intent
A – Intent
Wa - Definite space
Ka – Originate
… … …


Ke – Different from
Te – Produce
Ma – To connect
Ri – To veil
Ng – Central balance
I – Unchangeable
… … …

Inscriptions Upon The Pou

Center Pou Oi
Ngaa Te Mini Ta Hine 12
Ko Te Ropu Kotiro
Ko Te Rata +
Ngaa Te Tapu Wahine 12
Ko Te Tawake Oo Te Oranga
Turakina Te Atua Ae

North Pou Oi
Tu Kua Tu Kua Ae Ae

South Pou Oi
Ngaa Pe Oo Kaha

East Pou Oi
Ngu Ta Ngaa Huru

West Pou Oi
Ngu Tu Koanga Mahuru

NW Pou Oi
Ngaa Te Wini Taane

NE Pou Oi
Ngaa Ta Mauri Taane

SW Pou Oi
Ngaa Te Wini Wahine

SE Pou Oi
Ngaa Te Mauri Wahine
… … …

Center Pou Io
Ngaa Te Mini Ta Taane Nui 12
Ko Te Ropu Tama
Ko Te Rata +
Ngaa Te Tapu Taane 12
Ko Te Tawke Oo Te Oranga
Turakina Te Atua Ae

North Pou Io
Tu Kua Tu Kua Ae Ae

South Pou Io
Ngaa Pe Oo Kaha

East Pou Io
Ngu Tu Ngaa Huru

West Pou Io
Ngu Tu Koanga Mahuru

NW Pou Io
Ngaa Te Wini Wahine

NE Pou Io
Ngaa Te Mauri Wahine

SW Pou Io
Ngaa Te Wini Taane

SE Pou Io
Ngaa Te Mauri Taane

Southern Doorway Io me Oi
'Tohunga Tiroa Aa Koorerorero Oo Hui Tau'
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Waerenga a Kakara Floor Plans Survey plans by C. G. Hunt
Photos by Jan & Ron Raison, C. G. Hunt
Additional Notes by W. Hugh Ross, Pei Te Hurinui, C. G. Hunt, C. Royal.
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Let us turn our attention to the Waerenga a Kakara Whare Wananga, School of Learning, established either by the Pai Marire or Pao Miere movement at Tiroa, situated some 12 miles east of Mangapehi, a short distance south of the main highway leading to Mangakino in the centre of the North Island.

In 1863 the original Hau Hau movement attempted to rebuild the structure in an effort to bring back the Patupaiarehe -who were said to be the original builders and owners of the structure- so as to bring about an end to the land wars.
Pureora, the domed mountain towering over it, was the last refuge of the Patupaiarehe.

It is said the house was built to maintain contact with them.
It is wrong to describe Waerenga a Kakara as an offshoot of Pai Marire or the centre of a new religion.

Waerenga a Kakara was one of four Io religion centres, the others being: Whenua Tupu on the Waimiha stream, about three miles north-east of the Waimihia railway station; Papaawaka on the Ongarue River about one mile above its junction with the Waimiha stream; Kete Maringi or Hurakia, on the Hurakia Range at the headwaters of the Ongarue River.

Miringa Te Kakara is a relatively new name given for the building as the old name for the cruciform house was Waerenga a Kakara, meaning the Secret Garden in the Forest: (waerenga: a forest clearing used as a cultivation; kara: a secret or conspiracy).
There is much confusion as to the date of this building’s construction and disagreement amongst Maaori Tohunga as to whether or not Pao Miere activity, related to the Cross house, was to construct an entirely new building or simply to renovate to an older existing structure.

It is known that a series of Whare Wananga Oo Io structures bearing the name Miringa Te Kakara or Waerenga a Kakara had existed for centuries.

The re-building, initiated by directive of King Tawhiao to Chieftainess Ngaharakeke, is said to have been completed in about 1865 under the direction of Te Raa Karepe and Rangawhenua, leaders of the Pao Miere movement.

Bishop Thomas Herangi, guardian of the Cross house up until the 1980′s, cited evidence of the star temple having been built in 1682, with renovations occurring in 1788 & 1887.

The main interest in this building must lie in its geometric and measurement attributes, which code astronomical and navigational knowledge found from Sumer and Egypt to Great Britain and America.

The key to extracting the international parcel of codes lies in an understanding of the common measurement standard being used internationally by an ancient, highly mobilised migrating group, who set up colonies all over the globe.

Many of these colonies appear to have begun as metal ore mining operations.

The cross house of Waerenga a Kakara was not some form of orphan dwelling, the attributes of which are unique to New Zealand.

It was built according to an internationally distributed parcel of astronomical codes, in accordance with a measurement standard that migrated throughout the ancient world and spanned oceans.

Careful, in depth surveying research into the dimensions of astronomical sites over several continents shows that the so-called British Standard of measurement isn’t originally British at all, but is Sumerian/ Babylonian / Egyptian.

This concept can be severely and finely tested mathematically by trigonometry on internationally distributed structures built to this singular measurement standard from the Giza Plateau to Stonehenge to the Octagon of Newark Ohio and the Cross house at Waerenga a Kakara.

This building is 54 ft in length along the north-south and east west axes. Each wing is 17 feet wide and the height to the ridge poles is 11 ft. 6in.

Each wing has a small open sided porch and entrance to each is gained through a sliding door hewn from one piece of timber 4 ft high, 2 ft wide and 2 ins. thick.

Each portal is fitted with two ports to admit light and these are closed by solid wooden slabs about 18 ins. square and 2 ins. thick, which are slid into position.

The walls are about 6 ft. high. Inside the building will be seen 5 uprights, which have been set in the ground to support the ridge poles.

The centre pole is about 6 ft. in circumference while the other 4 are 18 ins. in circumference.

At the inner corners of the cruciform structure are some L-shaped corner pieces 2 ins. thick.

About 6 ft. in from each wall are foot boards about 12 ins. wide and 1½ ins thick.

Outside the cruciform building poles have been set upright in the ground.

These are of varying height and diameter and some have incised lettering on them.

A curious feature of the cruciform building is that it has been lashed together with flax and supple jack and there was no sign of any nails, screws, brackets, hinges, catches, joinery or hardware of European origin.

The correct orientation of the Cross house, using the peak of Mt. Ranginui as the benchmark for true north from the building’s centre pole.

Two wings were set out along the line of the Winter solstice sunrise and the Summer solstice sunset positions, which, in consideration of slightly elevated outer terrain, should have been observable at 60-degrees and 240-degrees respectively.

It also appears apparent that an observer seated at the base of centre pole, viewing upward at an angle of about 7.5-degrees through the NE window would observe the Major Northern Stand-still position of Moon rise and through the SW window the Major Southern Stand-still Moon set.

Alternatively, the observer could sit on seats to the right and left of the pole and watch not only the major standstill rise and set but, plausibly the minor standstill rise and set also through the adjacent window on the other side of the doorway.

This concept is supported by a late era tradition of reflecting direct moonlight beams from paua shells onto incised symbols within the building.

Waerenga a Kakara Star and Cross Patterns


The 8-pointed star in normal North-South orientation would have its rays extending toward the primary and secondary positions of the compass yet within the cross house they are orientated to the Solstices and Equinox.

The 8-pointed star geometry relates to positions within the building.
Returning lines intersect with the edges and centre of the 4 corner mouldings and the 3rd inward PHI circle is perfectly contained within the star.

The ends of the walkways terminate width wise onto the ray lines of the star.


The width of each cross arm, designated by the extreme positions of the Cross house windows, is 24-degrees of arc.

There are 8 intersection positions on the 8-pointed star that clearly stipulate how the Grand Cross is constructed and how it overlays the 8-pointed star geometry.

The Grand Cross overlaying the 8-pointed star.
Note how intersections of the star lock the cross pattern firmly into position.

The diagonal vectors numerical values within this cross pattern are highly important to ancient astronomical/ navigational methodologies.


These two star patterns are important for tracking the sun at the solstice also for fixing the constellations of the zodiac (12 houses…30-degrees apart).

This is a useful star pattern, inasmuch as the ray points of the star fix onto the rise and set positions of the solstice and equinox sun.

The 6-pointed star doubles out into the 12-pointed star, thus designating the positions of the 12 houses of the zodiac, with a spread of 30-degrees of arc for each house.

Note how intersections of this star comply with the internal wall line of the Cross house.


A central PHI circle and intersections within the layered geometry of the Cross house attest to the presence of the thin cross of Set in the geometric design of the Cross house.

Whereas the Grand Cross has an arm thickness of 24-degrees, the thin cross extends through 12-degrees.


A central circle is created, which extends to the position where the centre platform ends and the walkways leading to the doors begin.
Four circles of the same size are centred upon the secondary posts and it is seen that they designate the internal width of each wing. They also extend to the doorway thresholds.
The circles shown have diameters of 15.708 feet and this is a numerical expression of ½ PI @ 1.5708 or full PI @ 3.1416.

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