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Maaramataka Te Waitohu Poo

Maaramataka Tuuranganui a Kiwa

THE MAAORI CALENDAR

Maaramataka is a system of calendar time keeping for the Maaori tribes of Aotearoa (New Zealand).

As a time keeping system Maaramataka is quite unique in that it is a four-fold system incorporating the Solar Calendar, the Lunar Calendar, the Seasonal Calendar and the Celestial Calendar.


THE SOLAR CALENDAR

Maaramataka Te Raa

The Solar Calendar marks the ascent and descent of the earth around the sun and a rotation of a year is recorded by successive passage of four solar events.

The Four Solar Events are:-

Maaruaroa Oo Takurua Hotoke – Winter Solstice

Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo Koanga Mahuru – Spring Equinox

Maaruaroa Oo Raumati – Summer Solstice

Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo Ngaa Huru – Autumn Equinox.

For Maaori the first major solar event is Maaruaroa Oo Takurua Hotoke which, in conjunction with Matariki, heralds the Maaori New Year when the earth is at its lowest point beneath the sun and will soon begin its climb towards the Summer Solstice.

When orientated specifically within Tuuranganui a Kiwa upon the East Coast of Aotearoa, it will be noted that the Puuraakau of Te Raa and his two brides varies from the tradition given in Havaiki.

It is said that Te Raa spends half of the year with each of his brides Hine Raumati and Hine Takurua.

Hine Raumati is his summer bride and is said to reside upon the land whereas Hine Takurua is his winter bride and resides upon the ocean.

Both wives are the daughters of the God Tangaroa.

Within the Tuuranganui version Hine Raumati is his summer bride but reside in the southern part of the land whilst Hine Takurua is his winter bride whom resides in the northern part of the land.

This variation between the ancient tradition and the tradition localized within Tuuranganui is down to the unique geographical location of Aotearoa.

As an Island nation Aotearoa is a land wedge of two Islands largely orientated north to south and is geographically situated as such that it is the first country in the world to see the sun rise thus initiating the 24 hour world clock count.

Within Aotearoa, Tuuranganui is the easternmost city giving it the title of the ‘first city to see the sun’.

The unique layout of the Tuuranganui Bay and its backing ring of mountain ranges creates an almost singular Celestial point of view.

From the perspective of Tuuranganui the sun will always be observed as rising from the sea and setting behind the north to south mountain ranges.

This makes it possible to watch Te Raa marching back and forth upon the ranges between his brides.

An approximation of Sunrise Solar Events as witnessed from Manutuke, Tuuranganui, Aotearoa.
An approximation of Sunset Solar Events as witnessed from Manutuke, Tuuranganui, Aotearoa.
An approximation of Sunset Solar Events as witnessed from Manutuke, Tuuranganui, Aotearoa.

Periods of the Day and Night

  1. Poo Utu – midnight.
  2. Huti Tao Te Raa – the sun has passed the meridian but has not yet risen to any marked extent.
  3. Huti To Te Raa – the sun is rising but is not visible above the horizon.
  4. Te Raa ka Huru – sunrise.
  5. Te Ata – morning.
  6. Kia Rewa te Raa ki Runga – sun is high up.
  7. Poo Utu Maro – midday.
  8. Kua Tao Te Raa – the sun has passed the meridian but has not yet declined to any marked extent.
  9. Kua To Te Raa – the sun is setting but is still visible above the horizon.
  10. Kua To Rangi Te Raa – sunset.
  11. Te Ahiahi – early evening.
  12. Te Poo – the night.

These are the periods of day and night in the time Rite o Te Raa me Te Poo when day and night are of equal length.

Hine Titama is the early morn maiden, Hine Ata is the morning maiden, Hine Aotea is the daylight maiden, and Hine Ahiahi is the evening maiden.

THE SOLAR MONTHS

1. Ao Nui – (June) Maaruaroa o Takurua Hotoke (Takurua Waipu) –winter solstice– Matariki and Puanga are the stars, hunt Kereru.

2. Te Aho Turuturu – (July) war of the gods begins, Inanga begin to run, eels start to return.

3. Te Iho Matua – (August) war of the gods ends, Prepare gardens for planting.

4. Taperewai – (September) Rite o Te Raa me Te Poo Koanga Mahuru –spring equinox– Whakaahu is the star, Parearohi –the shimmering heat is seen-, Planting begins.

5. Tatau Urutahi – (October) Whakaahu is the star, Pipiwharauroa return to mainland, Titi are caught and preserved, Kahawai begin to run.

6. Tatau Uruora – (November) Autahi, Puanga, Matariki, Tautoru, Whakaahu are the Stars, Te Patiki is seen, Birds are nesting, Karaka berries ripen, Pohutukawa begin to bloom, Plant Kumura.

7. Akaaka Nui – (December) Maaruaroa o Raumati (Warutuhoehoe) –summer solstice– Uruao is now visible, Rehua is the star.

8. Ahuahu Mataroa – (January) fruits are set, Tautoru and Matiti are the stars.

9. Te Ihonui – (February) The foot of Ruuhii –wife of Rehua– rests upon the earth, Short Finn Eels begin to leave, Crop harvesting begins, Kumura harvest begins.

10. Putokinui oo Tau – (March) Rite o Te Raa me Te Poo Ngaa Huru –autumn equinox– crop lifting continues, Long Finn Female Eels begin to leave.

11. Tikaka Muturangi – (April) Te Whare Waananga Auturoa begins, Whaanui is in the north prior to sunrise, Tawera is due east as the morning star, Hine Nui te Poo is due west.

12. Uruwhenua – (May) Crops are stored and winter preparations are finalized. Te Pou o Hine Nui is in the west.


THE LUNAR CALENDAR

Maaramataka Te Poo

The Lunar Calendar marks the 30 nights of the moon and its phases between New moon and Full moon.

Each night of the moon is named and events of fishing and gardening are attributed to certain days.

Like the Solar calendar the Lunar calendar is marked by four events.

The Four Lunar Events Are:-

Hina – Solstice of Age –New Moon

Ihu Atamai – Equinox of Te Raa – midpoint of the Waxing Moon

Rona – Solstice of Youth – Full Moon

Ihu Werewere – Equinox of Te Poo – midpoint of the Waning Moon.

THE THIRTY NIGHTS OF THE MOON

1. Whiro – (Hina /New Moon)
2. Tirea
3. Hoata
4. Oue
5. Okoro
6. Tamate a Tutahi
7. Tamate a Turua
8. Tamate a Tutoru (Ihu Atamai)
9. Tamate a Tuwha
10. Ari
11. Huna
12. Maaure
13. Maawharu
14. Ohu
15. Atua
16. Oturu – ( Rona /Full Moon)
17. Rakau Matohi
18. Takirau
19. Oike
20. Korekore Tutahi
21. Korekore Turua
22. Korekore Piri Ki Ngaa Tangaro.
23. Tangaroa Amua (Ihu Werewere)
24. Tangaroa Roto
25. Tangaroa Kiokio
26. Tangaroa Whakapau
27. Oo Taane 
28. Oo Rongonui
29. Mauri
30. Mutuwhenua

Now the moon is a symbol of duality:-

New Moon – All is without reflection / Solstice of Age / Truth / Rising / Birth / Waxing / Ihu Atamai.

From the darkness light will soon reappear.

It is for this reason we hold that from the new moon All-Potentiality is reborn.

Full Moon – All is in reflection / Solstice of Youth / Illusion / Decline / Death / Waning / Ihu Werewere.

From the reflection all will fade into darkness.

It is for this reason we hold that from the reflection All Non-Potentiality is reborn.

Each of the 12 Lunar months are further divided into two parts being governed by Female and Male entities whom are personified as husband and wife.

The period of monthly waxing is held by the Husband with the monthly waning period held by the Wife.

MONTHHUSBANDWIFE
Ao NuiMurikahaTe Kura
Te Aho TuruturuHiakiaTurangireka
Te Iho MatuaTangakoaTererekoakoa
TaperewaiHurianaTe Matatauroroa
Tatau UrutahiTe KeriTe Haungamoekapakapa
Tatau UruoraTe TakiTe Heiwhangataha
Akaaka NuiWarehuOteatea
Ahuahu MataroaWhaahuPahunui
Te IhonuiPipiriPipirimangaiwhenua
Putokinui oo TauAunuunuUaunuunumatetai
Tikaka MuturangiParoromuaMarakamu
UruwhenuaParoromuriTokerau

THE SEASONAL CALENDAR

Maaramataka Papatuuaanuku

The seasonal calendar is simply the cycle of the four natural season of the earth:-

1. Takurua Hotoke – winter.
2. Koanga Mahuru – spring.
3. Raumati – summer.
4. Ngaa Huru – autumn.

Each season consist of three lunar cycles (90 nights) which in turn creates twelve moon cycles (360 nights) during one solar rotation of the sun.

NORTHERN HEMISPHERESOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
J.J.
F. Spring Begins F. Autumn Begins
M. *Spring Equinox M. *Autumn Equinox
A.A.
M. Summer Begins M. Winter Begins
J. Summer SolsticeMaaori New YearJ. Winter Solstice
J.War of the Gods BeginsJ. 
A.  Autumn BeginsWar of the Gods EndsA. Spring Begins
S. *Autumn Equinox S. *Spring Equinox
O.O.
N. Winter Begins N. Summer Begins
D. Winter Solstice D. Summer Solstice
* = Te Wairua Aa Ngaa Poo

The Four Major Earth Rituals

Maaruaroa O Takurua Hotoke – Winter Solstice

Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo Koanga Mahuru – Spring Equinox

Maaruaroa O Raumati – Summer Solstice

Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo Ngaa Huru – Autumn Equinox

There are four Pou by which the reckoning of the Earth Rituals are found:-

The Lunar Count (Maaramataka Te Poo)

The Solar Count (Maaramataka Te Raa)

The Movements of the Celestial Bodies (Maaramataka Ranginui)

Nature herself (Maaramataka Papatuuaanuku).

Each of the rituals are dual in nature comprising a Lunar Event and a Solar Event each occupying its own time and space.

Lunar events are New Moon to New Moon starting with the New Moon of June.

These events are not to mark the Solar Events as such but contain the Kaupapa by which Solar Events are recognized.

Solar Events are recognition of the earths position in orbiting the sun.

The four solar events are the two solstices (Maaruaroa) and the two equinox (Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo).

These days are found via observation of the landscape markers (Ngaa Pou Kaupeka Whenua).

Ngaa Pou Kaupeka Whenua are three landscape markers which mark the passage of Te Raa between his two wives Hine Raumati in the south and Hine Takurua in the north with a marked center point of duality between the two wives.

Maaruaroa O Takurua Hotoke – Winter Solstice

LUNAR RITUAL:

Papatuuaanuku is at her lowest point in her ascent and descent around the sun.

Here is the time of Matariki.

The Maaori New Year begins with the Dawn after the New Moon upon witnessing the returning Matariki rising.

On the eve of the New Moon the sacred fires are lit.

The originating ritual fire of Hine Takurua is symbolic of Hine Nui te Poo and her coupling with Ruamoko fore it is from that union all the volcanic fires originate.

It is the ritual of the daughter Ngaa Huru becoming the bride Hine Takurua.

This passing of the flame from Hine Takurua to start the fire of Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga is a ritual of life and death.

It is a ritual of the mothers final embrace with the father from whence the mother shall pass to give way for her daughter Koanga Mahuru.

The central ritual fire is symbolic of Te Raa and is fueled from “Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga”.

Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga and all other wood materials used in the ritual fires must be taken from ancestral lands and never purchased from foreign sources.

This wood is seen as the Bones of Taane Mahuta, God of the Forrest.

Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga must be selected and harvested by Ngaa Mana Wahine whom will also deliver and place Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga upon the ritual fire.

This fire is kindled with chips and shavings from the previous year’s Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga.

Ngaa Mana Wahine have kept these chips and shavings safe since the previous harvest.

It also receives it’s ignition source from the originating ritual fire of Hine Takurua.

Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga represents the zygote Koanga Mahuru.

Hine Takurua is again pregnant from her consort Te Raa.

Their child in the womb being represented by the ritual of Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga.

Now from the fire of Te Rakau Wairua Tapu O Rata Te Pukenga are lit the seven sacred fires of Matariki.

Each fire represents one of the Septuplet sons of Uru te Ngangana and Hine Turama collectively known as Matariki.

The Kaupapa of the seven ritual fires is to serve and protect the vulnerable branches and fruits of Te Whakapapa o Rangi Potiki me Papatuuaanuku.

Te Ahi Mataariki – To connect, Forming possessive, Intent, To veil, Transitive.

Te Ahi Tupu Aa Nuku – Be erect, Originate, Intent, Intent, Growth, Silent.

Te Ahi Tupu Aa Rangi – Be erect, Originate, Intent, Intent, Source of light, Ignite.

Te Ahi Waitii – Definite space, Unchangeable, Overcome, Unchangeable.

Te Ahi Waitaa – Definite space, Unchangeable, Forming possessive, Intent.

Te Ahi Waipuna – Definite space, Unchangeable, Originate, Satisfied.

Te Ahi Uru Aa Rangi – Conformation Established, Shake, Intent, Intent, Source of light, Ignite.

Now is marked the dark force with which Te Raa has battled with since the time of Ngaa Huru giving way.

After the rising of Matariki all fires are extinguished with the dawn.

SOLAR RITUAL

This is the time Te Raa lays for three days with his winter bride Hine Takurua.

Now is marked three days of festivities centered around Whanau and Hapu relations and their relationships with the wider community.

Now is the time for whanau and communal gathering whereby account of the winter passage is held and thoughts are returned once again to the coming birth of the daughter Koanga Mahuru.

The first day of the ritual symbolizes the return of the father unto his house.

The second day symbolizes the union of the parents.

The third day symbolizes the fathers departure from his house.

The long ascent has begun.

Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo O Koanga Mahuru – Spring Equinox.

LUNAR RITUAL:

Papatuuaanuku is mid point upon the right hand path in her ascent and descent around the sun.

The ritual fire lit is symbolic of rebirth, fertility and the immortality of that which is produced by Te Kore te Tamua.

It is the ritual of the mother birthing the daughter.

Now is the point marked where Te Raa enters the southern house and leave his northern residence behind.

Aotahi is the star seen.

SOLAR RITUAL:

Now is the time when night and day are equal in length.

Now is the time to honor the daughter Koanga Mahuru and her gifts of fertility re-birthed giving assurance of the immortality of nature.

Three days of festivities are held.

The first day symbolizes the final day of Te Raa within his northern House.

The second day symbolizes the midpoint between the houses.

The third day symbolizes the entrance of Te Raa into his southern house.

This is one of two annual events (Te Wairua Aa Ngaa Poo) wherein all multidimensional inner and outer worlds synchronize at a quantum level and the barriers separating these worlds are thin.

This means those skilled in the arts can gain access to all the multidimensional inner and outer worlds during this event.

Maaruaroa O Raumati – Summer Solstice

LUNAR:

Papatuuaanuku is at her highest point in her ascent and descent around the sun.

The ritual fire is symbolic for the life giving energies of Papatuuaanuku and her symbiotic relationship with Ranginui and all their children.

It is also the ritual of Koanga Mahuru becoming the bride Hine Raumati.

Hine Raumati is again pregnant from her consort Te Raa and carries the zygote Ngaa Huru within her belly.

Parearohi and her consort Rehua are seen in the night sky.

Now is marked the light force with which Te Raa has battled with since the time of Koanga Mahuru giving way.

It is a ritual of the mothers final embrace with the father from whence the mother shall pass to give way for her daughter Ngaa Huru.

SOLAR RITUAL:

This is the time Te Raa lays for three days with his summer bride Hine Raumati.

Now is marked three days of festivities centered around Whanau and Hapu relations and their relationships with the wider community.

Now is the time for whanau and communal gathering whereby account of the summer passage is held and thoughts are returned once again to the coming birth of the daughter Ngaa Huru.

The first day of the ritual symbolizes the return of the father unto his house.

The second day symbolizes the union of the parents.

The third day symbolizes the fathers departure from his house.

The long descent has begun.

Rite Aa Te Raa Me Te Poo O Ngaa Huru – Autumn Equinox

LUNAR RITUAL:

Papatuuaanuku is mid point upon the left hand path in her ascent and descent around the sun.

The ritual fire lit is symbolic of reflection upon the common binding together of all things with the bounty of that which is produced by Te Kore te Tamua and realized from the seasonal harvests.

It is the ritual of the daughter facing the mother.
The final preparations before the onset of Takurua Hotoke.

Now is the point marked where Te Raa enters the northern house and leaves his southern residence behind.

SOLAR RITUAL:

Now is the time when night and day are equal in length.
Now is the time to honor the daughter Ngaa Huru and her gifts of reflection and her binding together of all things giving assurance of the immortality of nature.

Three days of festivities are held.

The first day symbolizes the final day of Te Raa within his southern House.

The second day symbolizes the midpoint between the houses.

The third day symbolizes the entrance of Te Raa into his northern house.

This is one of two annual events (Te Wairua Aa Ngaa Poo) wherein all multidimensional inner and outer worlds align and the barriers separating these worlds are thin.

This means those skilled in the arts can gain access to all the multidimensional inner and outer worlds during this event.

The Four Minor Earth Rituals

Takurua Hotoke – Winter Begins – Karakia Hinenuitepoo.

Koanga Mahuru – Spring Begins – Karakia Ratatepukenga.

Raumati – Summer Begins – Karakia Taanenuiaarangi.

Ngaa Huru – Autumn Begins – Karakia Niwareka.


THE CELESTIAL CALENDAR

Maaramataka Ranginui

The Celestial Calendar (for geographical reasoning) is different for every tribe.

When localized within Tuuranganui it is the two Posts of Hinenui Te Poo alongside the initial rising of Matariki that are observed as the most important celestial events for marking time.

Upon the waning of Tikaka Muturangi  after sunset –approx. 29th 9:00pm– the three stars of Tautoru are lined up vertically upon the western horizon, while Takurua is directly above them and Matariki directly below.

Matariki, Tautoru and Takurua make a post of stars.
Like a fence post, its base (Matariki) is buried in the ground, Tautoru sits on the horizon at ground level, and Takurua marks the top of the post.

This is known as Te Pou o Hine Nui te Poo, it marks the approaching winter.

When Te Pou o Hine Nui Te Poo is seen standing in the west Te Kauwatawata has opened the door of Pou Tererangi allowing Te Aho o Te Ao me Te Aho o Rarohenga to re-connect as Te Aho o Ngaa Atua.

It is via Te Aho o Ngaa Atua that Te Mauri Tangata are returned to the home of the Gods.

Te Pou Hinenui te Poo Upright in the Western Skies
Te Pou Hinenui te Poo Upright in the Western Skies

Upon the waning of Uruwhenua -approx. 15th 6:33am- Te Pou o Hine Nui Te Poo re-appears rising in the east just ahead of the sun.

The first bright star to rise is Puanga, rising close to east.

Over the next few days the rest of the post again appears as a downward slanting pole, with Matariki highest in the northeast, Tautoru in the middle, exactly on east and Takurua at the lowest position in the southeast.

The rising point of Matariki during this period marks the place where the sun will rise at the winter solstice.

The departure of Te Mauri Tangata from this world for Hawaiki Tapu begins when Te Pou o Hine Nui Te Poo is seen rising in the eastern skies upon the waning of Uruwhenua and is completed upon the rising of Matariki within Ao Nui.

With the Ao Nui rising of Matariki completed, Te Aho o Te Ao me Te Aho o Rarohenga are again separated when Te Kauwatawata closes the door to Pou Tererangi.

The doorway to Pou Tererangi is open for an approximate sixteen days.

Te Pou o Hinenui te Poo Rising in the Eastern Skies
Te Pou o Hinenui te Poo Rising in the Eastern Skies

MATARIKI

Maaori New Year

Matariki is the herald of the Maaori New Year.

Within Tuuranganui the New Year begins with the rising of Matariki in the North-Eastern sky at dawn after the New Moon in Ao Nui.

THE STARS OF MATARIKI

Along with the seven acknowledged stars there are four others which were never talked about.

These are the four binds /lore’s which hold the seven sons in place.

These are known as Te Pou Wha o Te Whare Matariki:-

Te Pou Te Poo

Te Pou Te Hii

Te Pou Toko Toru Tapu

Te Pou Te Raa

… … …

The first wife of Uru te Ngangana (first born son of Ranginui and Papatuuaanuku) was Hine Turama and they had:

Taumata Kuku – Aldebaran

Puanga – Rigel

Tautoru – Belt of Orion

Atuatahi – Canopus

Matariki – Pleiades

Whanui – Vega

Takurua – Sirius

Puutara – Betelgeuse

Rehua – Antares

All of these were distributed by Taane te Waananga a Rangi to the front of their parent Ranginui.

The Septuplet sons of Uru te Ngangana and Hine Turama collectively known as Matariki –Pleiades– are:

Mataariki

Tupu Aa Nuku

Tupu Aa Rangi

Waitii

Waitaa

Waipuna

Uru Aa Rangi

Now the seven sons of Uru te Ngangana, were taken to the Paeroa o Whanui –one of the names for the milky way– to guard the Whanau Punga –those little stars in the milky way that are just distinguishable as such by the naked eye-, lest they be cast out by their elder brethren and fall down below.

KORERO O MATARIKI

In the Northern Hemisphere Matariki is known as ‘The Pleiades’ which is a cluster of up to fourteen hot blue stars which, dependent on one’s location most can be seen with the naked eye.

In the northern hemisphere myth the Pleiades are represented as seven sisters: Maia, Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Taygete, Electra, and Merope.

Their parents were Atlas, –a Titan commanded by the god Zeus to hold up the earth-, and Pleione, -the mythical protectress of sailors-.

However in the southern hemisphere, Aotearoa, among some Maaori tribes they are represented as sons as opposed to daughters whilst other branches do not assign either gender to the stars rather acknowledging them as pure celestial beings of Mauri Atua while other branches assign male and female roles respectively.

The stars are seen as a home of the Gods, a place where Te Mauri Tangata returns after death.

THE RITUAL OF MATARIKI

Now in modern times it has been suggested (and is becoming common practice) to shift the starting of the Maaori New Year away from the New Moon of Ao Nui thus placing the start of the New Year upon the Full Moon of the month Te Aho Turuturu.

The main concept behind this shift is that in the Maaori calendar the night of the new moon is called Whiro.

Whiro as a name is also attributed to the elder brother of Taane known as Whiro te Tipua, the sixth son of Ranginui and Papatuuaanuku.

Over the course of time Whiro te Tipua has become known as the god of evil and it is this attribution which is cited as a reason not to celebrate anything on a day with the name Whiro.

However within the teachings of ‘30 nights of the moon’ (as given within Te Kauwae Runga) Whiro is not actually referred to as one of the actual five listed bad days of the moon.

Whiro is simply referred to as ‘the moon is invisible’.

When we use Maaori Language DNA to decode the word Whiro we gain insight into the inner meanings and functions of the word:-

There are two ways to decode this word.

  1. Whi = Be Able
    Ro = Forward
  2. Wh = Recognition of the self-unknowable
    I = Unchangeable
    Ro = Forward

Therefore a way to look at the Moon phase of Whiro is:-

“Within recognition of the self-unknowable and its unchangeable aspects, therein shall be found the seeds of forward movement.”

The moon phase of Whiro represents the seeds of light found contained within the darkness taking root and seeking new life.

Now it should be noted that Matariki is not observed as rising upon the day that leads into the night of Whiro.

Rather it is observed as rising on the day after the night of Whiro has held its space, and as such, is seen as a Tohu of Re-birthing leading into the subsequent nights of Waxing and the time of All-Potentiality.

When viewed in this context the tradition of remembering the dead and the subsequent releasing of the recently departed into the care of Matariki holds no error.

Yet another reason given for the shifting of the Matariki ritual is an account that the need for a thirteenth month requires the shift.

This has the meaning that due to the Solar Calendar being longer than the Lunar Calendar, after every six years of the solar count and upon commencement of the seventh lunar year, there is an attempt to insert a thirteenth month into the calendar to account for the 30 day short fall between the two calendar systems.

There are 365 solar days a year as opposed to 360 lunar nights a year.

In reality (within Tuuranganui at least) there is no need to try and synchronize these four calendar systems as it is not possible to reclaim the missing time (the missing five nights) in a physical sense and any attempt to insert or remove physical days (let alone a lunar month of thirty nights) into one or the other calendar system is merely a intellectual exercise.

THE MATARIKI CODE

The Family Name

MATARIKI

Ma = To connect 6, 1
ta = Forming possessive 3, 1
ri = To veil 2, 4
ki = Transitive 5, 4

36=2+6= 8

The Eldest Son

MATAARIKI
Ma = To connect 6, 1
ta = Forming possessive 3, 1
a = Intent 1
ri = To veil 2, 4
ki = Transitive 5, 4

27= 2+7= 9

The Twins

TUPUAANUKU
Tu = Be erect 3, 4
pu = Originate 4, 4
a = Intent 1
a = Intent 1
nu = Growth 7, 4
ku = Silent 5, 4
37=3+7= 10=1+0=1

TUPUAARANGI
Tu = Be erect 3, 4
pu = Originate 4, 4
a = Intent 1
a = Intent 1
ra = Source of light 2, 1
ngi = Ignite 8, 4
32=3+2= 5

The Triplets

WAITII
Wa = Definite space 5,1
i = Unchangeable 4
ti = Overcome 3,4
i = Unchangeable 4
21=2+1= 3

WAITAA
Wa = Definite space 5,1
i = Unchangeable 4
ta = Forming possessive 3,1
a = Intent 1
15= 5+1= 6

WAIPUNA
Wa = Definite space 5,1
i = Unchangeable 4
pu = Originate 1,4
na = Satisfied 7,1
35=3+5= 8

The Youngest Son

URUAARANGI
U = Conformation Established 4
ru = Shake 2, 4
a = Intent 1
a = Intent 1
ra = Source of light 2, 1
ngi = Ignite 8, 4
23=2+3 = 5

The Mathematics

The Family Name
8

The Sons
1 x Single Male 9
1 x Twin Males 1 + 5 = 6
1 x Triplet Males 3 + 6 + 8 = 17 = 7 + 1 = 8
1 x Single Male 5

9+6+8+5= 28 = 2 = 8 = 10 = 1 = 0 = 1

Union of External and Internal
8 + 1 = 9

When the internal and external are balanced, all potentiality exists”.

Kauupapa me Tikanga O Matariki

Kauupapa – To guard the younger brethren from being tossed out by the elder brethren.

(Now the seven sons of Uru te Ngangana, were taken to Paeroa o Whanui – one of the names for the milky way – to guard the Whanau Punga – those little stars in the milky way that are just distinguishable as such by the naked eye -, least they be cast out by their elder brethren and fall down below.)

Te Kauupapa o Matariki is to serve and protect the vulnerable branches and fruits of Te Whakapapa o Rangi Potiki me Papatuuaanuku.

Tikanga mo Matariki can be found within the attributes of Te Pou Wha o Te Whare Matariki.

Te Pou Te Poo

Leadership, the ability to see clearly, integration, the three worlds – physical, intellectual, spiritual, last symbol before return to unity, ability to understand, inborn talents, compulsions, introspection, personal integrity, unity, truth, perfection, concord, dissolves ego attachments, challenges faced in looking for individual own wisdom, feminine and introvert.

Te Pou Te Hii

Masculine, assertive, ambitious, successful, self, independent, leadership, originality, initiative, new beginnings, pioneer, organizer, instinct, love, intuition, courageous achiever, strength, creativity, self-reliance, tenacious, forceful, authoritative, inspirational, strong willpower, lenient, attainment, happiness, glory, fame, unique, omniscience, fulfillment. Unity, the divine presence, thesis, opportunity, will and focused consciousness, ability to use personal resources.

Te Pou Toko Toru Tapu

A) Synthesis, triad, heaven-human-earth, past-present-future, thought-word-action, demonstrates love through creative imagination, comprehensive, fulfilling. The urge to conserve the growing internal faith while encouraging others to expand their faith as well, feminine and introvert, the principles of growth.

B) Connects above and below, reconciliation, intellectual creativity, discrimination, imagination, union, love, perfection, ability to use the imagination and the intellect combined, relatedness, taking responsibility for choices, Domestic, responsible, care, teacher, conventional, provider, protector, healer, idealistic, selfless, honest, charitable, faithful, nurturer, truth, order, economy, emotional depth, curiosity, deep love of home and family, humanitarian, service, unselfishness, balance, good provider, peaceful, self-sacrifice, empathy, sympathy, unconditional love, circulation, agriculture, balance, grace, simplicity, ability to compromise, reliable.

C) Resolves dualities, expansion, dissolution, dimension of the timeless, good and bad, right and wrong, day and night, ability to see and relate to eternal dimensions, balance between forces, connects spirit and matter, developing confidence to follow a vision, breaks down barriers to transformation, reality, courage, the boss, powerful drive to succeed, decision-making, intensely active, seizes opportunities, takes control, wants security, success, the principle of domination, control and achievement, the executive decision-maker.

Te Pou Te Raa

Body, sensuality, conflict, the five senses, fingers and toes, able to learn and teach from direct experience, health, expansion, fecundity, grounded in the world, challenges faced in learning from experience. Freedom-loving, activity, influence, adventurer, sensualist, promoter, natural flair, vivacious, courageous, healthy, sympathetic, motivational, change, idealistic, unconventional, curiosity, magnetic, intellectual, telepathic, experience, pleasure-loving, vitality, visionary, expansion, opportunity, story-telling, imagination, individualism, healing, choice, mercy, kindness, invention, resourceful, magnetic, competitive.


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